Our new 4.5-inch high pressure swivel seal test fixture


Much of our rotary seal testing is performed on our battery of standardized 2.75” horizontal test fixtures. While the 2.75” fixtures are excellent for comparing the performance of one seal design to another under identical test conditions, they aren’t always the perfect answer to every conceivable test condition. For example, they aren’t easily adapted to tests using washpipes, they have known limitations when testing larger diameter rotary seals, and they have thermal characteristics that differ from certain real-world rotary sealing applications.

In addition to the horizontal test fixtures, we have a high pressure test fixture with the drive shaft oriented vertically. With this fixture we have performed dozens of high pressure tests on 2.75” ID plastic lined seals, including a 1,000 hour continuous rotation test at 7,500 psi across the seals. The majority of these tests were directed at washpipe operating conditions. To better serve the high pressure swivel market, we have adapted our vertical test fixture to test the 4.5” seals used in our 3” bore, 10,000 psi capable washpipe assembly. The objective of the fixture is to better-simulate the high pressure sealing location in coaxial and side entry swivels.

The 4.5” fixture components are based on our stacked housing swivel arrangement, and incorporate our patent-pending floating backup rings. When desired, coolant can be circulated through the washpipe for cooling purposes.

The new test setup will allow us to collect leakage data under various temperature, pressure, and speed conditions using seal and backup ring diameters that are appropriate for many high pressure swivel assemblies. The inaugural run of the fixture began in mid-July, 2015.

The fixture is driven by a 20 horsepower variable speed motor with a synchronous belt drive. The data acquisition system monitors and records lubricant pressure, rotary speed, running torque, hydrodynamic pumping related leakage, and relevant temperatures, and provides for automatic shutdown if any of the data exceeds predetermined limits.

Kalsi Engineering’s new 4.5” test fixture is designed to simulate the pressure sealing location of coaxial and side entry high pressure swivels. It includes a driveshaft-driven washpipe, and our patent pending floating backup rings.
Kalsi Engineering’s new 4.5” test fixture is designed to simulate the pressure sealing location of coaxial and side entry high pressure swivels. It includes a driveshaft-driven washpipe, and our patent pending floating backup rings.